Friday 01 July 2022

Structure of Lebanon's election
and its possible consequences

Qodsna Editorial Board

According to the final results of Lebanon’s parliamentary elections, Hezbollah and its allies secured at least half of the seats in the legislative body. The results showed that Hezbollah, led by Hassan Nasrallah enjoys high trust and support among Lebanese Shia community.


But, on the other hand, new comers to the parliament are reportedly sponsored by the US and Saudi Arabia.


In the aftermath of the Lebanese Parliamentary elections, many fear that the polarization reflected in the campaigns preceding the elections could be manifested in the parliament, leading to a political paralysis.


Basically, Politics in Lebanon is based on a sectarian power-sharing structure. The three key government positions of president, prime minister, and speaker must be split between a Maronite Christian, a Sunni Muslim, and a Shia Muslim. The President, for example, has to be a Maronite Christian, the Prime Minister a Sunni Muslim, and the Speaker of the Parliament must be a Shia Muslim.


At first glance this could be viewed as an attempt to ensure equality in government, but the system is deeply flawed. Worsening of political-economic-social turmoil in Lebanon, has raised doubts over function of current political structure in the country.

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