Monday 22 July 2024

From Nasserite Egypt to Islamic Iran


by Jordanian journalist, Omar Abdul Hadi

In July 32, 1952 the Egyptian republic declared existence under the presidency of Gamal Abdel Nasser who ended the era of monarchy on place since Muhammad Ali Pasha in 1805.

Gamal Abdel Nasser accompanied with Egyptian freedom seekers could put an end to Farouk dominance.

Arab people were highly optimistic about the victory of 'white revolution' in Egypt and described it as a path of national move to removing the shame of defeat in Palestine and also a way for unity that Nasser was its standard-bearer.

Slogans of Abdel Nasser spread over in the heart of Arab nations and revived hope that year of 1952 is the best foundation for unity. Arab world considered Nasser as their leader.

Abdul Nasser empire lasted 18 years and his death in 1970 ended the Nasserite era which covered no great victory but instead a lot of defeats such as the defeat in the six day war, 1967. Despite the occupation of the West Bank, Sinai of Egypt and Jolan area of Syria by the Zionist regime in that war, Arab nations still believed Gamal Abdel Nasser was a great leader.

After the departure of Gamal Abdel Nasser, dreams of Arabs for the fulfillment of liberation and unity ended. In fact, Nasser had failed to set up any foundation during his rule. His successor put a dagger in the back of Arab countries by serving the interests of America and Israel.

The Islamic Revolution however was another story. In 1979, the Islamic revolution in Iran was triumphed under the leadership of Ayatollah Ruhollah Imam Khomeini which ended the rule of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the then king of Iran.

Khomeini never repeated the mistakes Abdel Nasser committed. In fact, he established foundations of revolution through a Constitution inspired by Islam's thoughts and approved by the Iranian people. He held free elections and the people selected their own leaders and representatives. Islamic government has been established in Iran.

In the year 1989, Imam Khomeini departed after ten years of leadership. Abdel Nasser rule lasted eight years more than him but Imam Khomeini achieved so much gains during his ten years of leadership than Abdel Nasser couldn’t gain in his eighteen years of ruling.

Imam Khomeini established a democratic and Islamic government based on civil institutions but Abdel Nasser only left an individual monarchy behind.

The followers of Imam Khomeini continued their leader's way and kept the revolution and its government but Nasser's deputies destroyed his government and revolution.

The two men were sincere and won the trust of their people and the Arab and Muslims, but the Islamic revolution was much stronger.

Today, Arab and Muslim peoples trust Iran. Iran has stunned allies and enemies equally in the Arab and western countries by its perseverance on the right to utilize peaceful nuclear energy.


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